Wednesday, September 26, 2007

God’s own Country ???

Kerala is known as God’s own Country. Keraliets are far forward in many modern life amenities compared to other states of India. The per capita availability of houses with latrines facility is highest in Kerala.In the usage of modern amenities like Computer and mobile phone , Kerala adorns the highest position. In the case of education , literacy rate and hygiene also Kerala is on top order. A day without bath is unimaginable for each and every Keraliet.

But unfortunately this individual hygiene followed by each Keraliet is not seen in keeping the surroundings clean. Many contagious diseases spread due to this negligence. Most of the streets and towns of Kerala are found to be blessed with Everest of wastes. Wastes from butchingyards, hotels and even from houses are put in sacks or plastic carry bags and thrown to rivers,ponds,lakes ,empty lands and even in drainages. Wastes from factories, hospitals and public comfort stations are found to be reaching directly into drainages. The outlets of many comfort stations of Kerala are opened to drainages which finally reach rivers. Also most of our roadsides are adorned with plastic flags, flex boards, plastic covers and cups.

Recently the health and Medicare wastes are also found to be carelessly disposed at public places. Used syringes from hospitals and clinics are abundant in these wastes. The railway tracks and stations seem to be the dumping yard of plastic bottle and cups. A recent news of disposal of septic tank wastes into rivers and lakes was really a shameful news to all Keraliets.

So it is high time to think about the eradication of these bad habits. Some ways are listed below.

(i) A number of scientific methods are there for waste disposal. Composting, gasification, biogas plants and incinerators are different methods of waste management. We have to adopt any of these methods as far as possible.

(ii) Nowadays anyone can post wastes anywhere at anytime. Hence total removal of waste is always a headache. There should be a proper scheme and plan for waste disposal and removal.

(iii) Disposal of waste in public places and water resources should be banned by law. The violation of the law should be treated as criminal case since it leads to social health hazards. Heavy and model punishment should be given in these cases.

(iv) All plastic wastes from a source (for eg: a house) should be gathered in their own premises and collected by local self government or any other body for disposal, at least weekly.

(v) Apartments , hotels, hospitals auditoriums etc should have their own waste management systems. No relaxation in rule should be allowed under any circumstance.

(vi) Strict and best methods of waste collection must be followed at bus stations and railway stations. Overflowing bins as like today should be strictly abolished.

So let us stretch our hands to remove the burden of waste, starting from our home itself. All readers are requested to put the waste of home in a bin and empty it regularly at a fixed place from today onwards to make this world a beautiful one.

Wednesday, September 19, 2007


The atmosphere of earth have many layers. One of them called STRATOSPHERE contains OZONE. It is an isotop of oxygen which is very useful to all living beings on earth.The OZONE in atmosphere act as an umbrella.Just like an umbrella protect us from rain and sunlight this OZONE protect all earth from harmful radiations especially ULTRAVIOLET RADIATIONS originating from sun.

But photographs from space reveal a terrible truth. OZONE has a hole just above Antartica! It acquired its ever-biggest size last year, and in this year it is not big as earlier. But unfortunately it appeared earlier than last year. Through this hole UV radiations may come to earth and will make a number of ecological problems. A number of diseases like cateract,skin cancer etc may also result from the exposure to UV radiations. Also crop destruction may occur which ultimately lead to famine.

The OZONE present in atmosphere is very very low compared to other isotopes of oxygen. If we take one crore of air molecules there will be 20 lakhs of oxygen molecules and only 3 molecules of OZONE!!! This very very thin layer of OZONE protects the whole earth from UV radiations !!!

The crack in OZONE umbrella is mainly due to the compound called CHOLORO FLOURO CARBON (CFC). It is released from refrigerators and coolers of our home and industry. UV radiations act on CFC and releases Chlorin. Each Chlorin atom destroys minimum 1 lakh OZONE molecules!!!

As part of MONTREAL TREATY all countries had agreed to cut short the production of CFC . The production and consumption of these chemicals have been reduced. Still OZONE has the threat of destruction since almost all of our home occupy a refrigerator. The electronic waste of these used refrigerators and coolers are also a great headache.

As told the largest crack on OZONE layer is just above Antartica.According to UN , in order to reinstall the state of OZONE layer to the state before 1980 ( A state without crack ) we may have to wait upto 2049 and in Antartica it will be possible only by 2065 provided the pollution rate is cut short.

So before buying a cooler or refrigerator just think a moment – whether it is for use or as status symbol. Also think about an alternate method for the same. Thus we all together may make an effort to protect OZONE and thereby our earth and its countless living beings.