Tuesday, September 9, 2014

Showers to Flowers or Toilet to tap

The title of post may be catching. But the subject behind it is the threat that every one in the world going to face. It has been predicted that a third world war will set out for water. The prediction was a fun when it came first , but now around the world the situation is too worse. water crisis is too severe.

Recently I read a news about California ,the golden state in America. California is the state where the agriculture sector of United states is mostly concentrated. But now the state is facing serious drought. The fields in California are becoming dry and dry. Hence the residents of Golden state are thinking about a new idea of toilet to tap which they call as showers to flowers for water reuse.

California has the largest water recycling plant in the world. This was installed to face the threat of Orange County’s running out of water. In the third year of drought in West America , more than half California is reported to be suffering the worst drought. As a measure of control of water usage the state had made some water usage actions illegal. The main among them are use of hose. Operating fountains are also made illegal. The offence will lead to a fine upto 500 dollars.

The main sources of water in California were ground water. The other sources were imported water from Colorado river and snow melt from Sierra Nevada. But all these sources are in decline. Realising this decline the Orange County has been using highly purified waste water to recharge the ground water resources. Waste water from showers , kitchens , washing machines and toilets of residences are collected by Fountain Valley recycling plant. About 70 million gallon water per day are converted to drinking water through highly purification methods. As the demand of drinking water is raising day by day the capacity is going to increase to 100 million gallon per day from next year onwards. Still it will cater only 8.5 lakhs people’s needs. That is only one third of population of Orange County is covered still after  expansion!

Now most of the readers will have a doubt. Will these waste water be drinkable after purification as it is collected from toilets and kitchens. As per their words the purification is done in three stages. In first process the bacteria are removed by filtration through a series of tiny straws. Second stage is removal of dissolved chemicals and other materials through reverse osmosis. The final stage of purification is ultra violet light exposure with hydrogen peroxide. After these series of purification the Water coming out will be distilled water.

The toilet to tap is not a common situation at present. But the thoughtless use of water and water resources will lead every country or state to the current situation of Orange county. So before spoiling the next drop of water just think about showers to flowers of California and decide what to do – save or spoil  ?

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